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Durban’s Resilience Strategy, Durban, South Africa
As part of The Rockefeller Foundation's 100 Resilient Cities initiative, the Durban Resilience Strategy was developed to address Durban's complex development challenges using innovative and transformative approaches. The strategy consists of two resilience building options (RBOs) that form the foundation of the document: (1) ‘Collaborative informal settlement action’ to facilitate alternative approaches that focus more on incremental, holistic and sustained improvements to informal settlements, with priority given to improved municipal coordination, partnerships and community participation, and (2) ‘Integrated and innovative planning at the interface between municipal and traditional governance systems’ to enhance planning, protect the natural environment, and ensure sustainable service delivery in areas under traditional governance. The strategy’s third component acknowledges the need to address additional resilience challenges by ‘exploring potential ‘bridging links,’’ and the fourth focuses on ‘Institutionalising Resilience in eThekwini Municipality’ through the establishment of a ‘Sustainable and Resilient City Initiatives Unit’ in the Office of the City Manager.
Regional Development Programme of the Ljubljana Urban Region 2014-2020
Ljubljana urban region is central Slovenian region formed by the City of Ljubljana and 25 neighboring municipalities. The Regional Development agency of Ljubljana Urban Region (RRA LUR) developed the program for the Ljubljana Urban Region comprising of key development orientations to bring in smart, sustainable and inclusive growth to the region. It tackles issues and development opportunities in the sectors of tourism, natural environment, agriculture and forestry, energy supply and more. In the Agriculture and Forest sector, the policy aims to (i) increase organically cultivated food, (ii) transfer of knowledge and innovation in agriculture, forestry and wood processing, (iii) preservation of countryside cultural heritage, (iv) Skills and knowledge transfer and presenting agriculture as an attractive career, (v) Implementation of innovative agricultural technologies, and (vi) increase food supply self-sufficiency of the region by growing in unutilized farmlands. A local action group is to be established for the development of agriculture and forestry in the 2014 – 2020 period, which is consistent with national and EU planning (financial) period.
Food Power Action Plan, Sandwell, England, UK
Statistical data shows that Sandwell residents experience significant health inequalities when compared to the national average. A people’s survey also indicated the lack of availability of affordable, fresh food in the borough. All of that prompted the Borough council to partner with the Jubilee Food Network and release the Food Power Action Plan.
The plan has three major objectives, (i) Eating well and healthy is made a priority in Sandwell, (ii) improve food access and ensure residents have enough opportunities to learn about nutrition, cooking, and shopping for food, and (iii) Combat hunger by promoting Healthy Start vouchers, free school meals and eradicating holiday hunger. Promotion of innovative food projects like Your Local Pantry, Barlow Road Community Garden, Common Ground Community Orchard are already ongoing in the borough of Sandwell.
Bradford District Food Strategy, Bradford, England, UK
The Bradford District Food Strategy was developed to deliver Bradford, England with a larger number of economically, socially, and environmentally sustainable ways of producing and consuming food. This strategy aims to (1) support education in the food sector, (2) provide opportunities for community leadership, (3) improve health and well-being of residents, (4) increase food access, (5) promote sustainable food production, (6) develop a vibrant local food economy, (7) implement public procurement policies, and (8) promote proper waste management. There exist multiple ongoing food projects in Bradford, including a food surplus project to divert food waste, as well as a food mapping system available for public use.
Growing Manchester, Manchester, England, UK
In order to increase people’s access to locally grown fresh foods, the City Council of Manchester adopted the Growing Manchester programme in 2010. Through this programme, existing food growing groups/organizations or new local groups can apply for various forms of support from the City Council. The food growing groups accepted into the programme receive training sessions, site assessments and visits, community development support, and funding. Applications open every autumn. The Growing Manchester programme currently supports over 100 groups in various settings - social housing, supported housing schemes, schools, and voluntary groups. The programme aims to achieve sustainable food growing projects that are able to continue with minimal support in the longer term, and in the process, (i) increase local food access to its residents, (ii) make food production more sustainable, (iii) promote education in sustainability and climate change, and (iv) improve health and well-being of city residents. Growing Manchester works with a huge diversity of people and has been effective in meeting a range of health, social, and environmental outcomes.
Middlesbrough Food Action Plan 2020-22, Middlesbrough, England, UK
To address the broader challenges of sustainable food and food security, The Middlesbrough Food Partnership released the Food Action Plan 2020-22 to promote sustainability within the food system. The plan has been divided into three broad sectors of business, people, and environment. In the business sector, the plan aims to support local businesses and settings to provide healthy and sustainable food to the local population, encourage healthy eating, and protect the environment. In the people sector, its goal is to inspire and enable local food culture so residents can buy, grow, produce, and cook affordable, healthy, and sustainable food. In the environment sector, it aims to help residents and businesses minimize, recycle, and compost food waste, to increase local food sustainability, and reduce the regional food system’s environmental impact. As part of the action plan, there exists a food charter that individuals and organizations can sign to pledge their support.
Lewisham Food Strategy, Lewisham, England, UK
Along with the Lewisham London Borough Council, the multi-stakeholder Lewisham Food Strategy Group prepared a Food Strategy for the London Borough of Lewisham to tackle the prevalence of high rates of obesity and diet-related ill health among the population. The strategy focuses on five major themes: (i) food access (increasing people’s access to healthy food, especially among vulnerable populations, raising awareness about food access, and promoting local food growing and food businesses), (ii) food in schools (improving school meal quality, increasing access to healthy school meals, and increasing the number of schools in the program), (iii) food, nutrition and health (increasing knowledge around nutrition, reducing under-nutrition and obesity, and improving oral health, (iv) food sustainability (reducing energy consumption, improving waste management, and promoting fair trade, and (v) food safety (reducing food poisoning and increasing awareness about food safety and food hygiene). In 2016, in response to emerging need and to widen the scope of its actions, the food partnership joined the UK's Sustainable Food Cities (SFC) initiative. Actions were developed across six key issues: (1) promoting healthy & sustainable food, (2) tackling food poverty & access to affordable healthy food, (3) building community food knowledge, skills & resources, (4) promoting a thriving & diverse sustainable food economy, (5) transforming catering & food procurement, and (6) reducing waste & the ecological footprint. Good Food Lewisham was founded in 2016, helping Lewisham become an official Good Food Borough and a Bronze Award winner in 2019.
Food: A Strategy for Islington, Islington, England, UK
The Islington Council prepared the Islington Food Strategy to ensure healthy and sustainable food for the Islington people. The plan is divided into three themes: food and health, food and the environment, and food and poverty. In the health sector, the plan focuses on healthy diet requirements in different life stages and promotes the adaptation of safe diet practices. In terms of the environment, the strategy emphasizes reducing environmental impacts of various food system sectors, including food waste management. The poverty section of the plan places importance on improving access to affordable and culturally appropriate food, and promotes awareness about proper food consumption. After taking stock of the many innovative food system strategies already in place in Islington, the strategy lays out ten major objectives, such as 'Celebrating food and diversity,' 'Promoting ethical food,' and 'Making healthy food accessible.' Implementation of the plan is overseen by a multi-agency Food Strategy Partnership, tasked with creating and regularly updating a detailed Action Plan.
Cardinia Shire’s Livability Plan 2017-29, Cardinia, Australia
Due to high amounts of takeaways and fast food restaurants in the Cardinia area, the Cardinia Shire Council established the food policy domain in the Cardinia Shire Liveability Plan 2017 - 2029. The food policy domain focuses on: (i) utilizing fertile land for fresh food production; (ii) developing the regional food economy; (iii) sharing food knowledge; and (iv) reducing and diverting food waste. The council hopes to increase people’s access to affordable and nutritious food and reduce the prevalence of diet-related health problems among the population. Food is only one of the seven domain parts of the Liveability Plan that aims to improve the health and well-being of the communities in Cardinia.
Luton Food Plan 2018-2022, Luton, England, United Kingdom
The Luton Food Plan 2018-2022 was created in response to unhealthy weight and diet-related health problems caused by poor diet practices and high number of fast-food outlets within the town. The plan consists of three priority areas, all of which focus on increasing healthy food choices among the town population. The three focus areas include: (i) introducing programs that procure and offer healthy food options; (ii) improving town planning to increase access to healthier food outlets; and (iii) promoting ‘growing your own’ food. In the long term, the council hopes to increase the proportion of healthy-weight children and the consumption of fruits and vegetables in residents' diets.
Urban Agriculture Policy, Ndola, Zambia
The vision of Ndola's Urban Agriculture Policy is to alleviate poverty and promote development within an urban/peri-urban context. The policy aims to: (i) contribute to poverty alleviation and socio-economic development by implementing an integrated strategy for urban/peri-urban farming; (ii) promote urban/peri-urban agricultural development at the municipal level; and (iii) create an institutional and legal framework for stakeholder participation, consultation and capacity building within the agriculture sector. The major goal of the policy is to implement a developed, legal and sustainable urban agriculture system that is well-coordinated and contributes to the city's economy.
Agriculture/Food Strategy Municipal Action Plan 2017-2025, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Due to growing interest in healthy eating across Europe, in 2017 the City Council of Vitoria-Gasteiz adopted the city's Agriculture/Food Strategy Municipal Action Plan. The action plan was adopted by the council in collaboration with organizations, citizens, and associations interested in the matter. The ultimate goal of the plan is to promote sustainable production and increase the production and consumption of high-quality food. The action plan includes five strategic routes; each route incorporates city-wide projects relevant to their scope. The five routes include: (i) adapting planning regulations for sustainable agricultural practices; (ii) promoting sustainability actions within the food chain; (iii) promoting demand for locally produced, organic food products; (iv) raising public awareness on sustainable food production and consumption; and (v) executing the adopted actions effectively. Apart from making the Vitoria-Gasteiz's food system more sustainable, the plan also seeks to strengthen the relations between all stakeholders for the joint development of a Sustainable Agriculture/Food Strategy for the city.
Cambridge Sustainable Food Action Plan 2017-2020, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
Owing to the inefficiency of current global food supply chains, the City of Cambridge aims to advocate for and promote sustainable food in the city of Cambridge to strengthen the city’s food system. The action plan has been divided into three levels of action: people, community, and the planet. For the people, the city aims to increase access to healthy, affordable, and sustainable foods, promote education on the topic, and establish fair pay and safety for workers. For the community, the city wants to create a strong city-wide food network, encourage local businesses , and promote community level food growing projects. In the planet sector, the city aims to support food production that protects the natural environment and hopes to reduce its carbon footprint. The plan includes numerous actions that the city can undertake, from cooking classes to increasing business opportunities, in order to promote sustainable food.
Brighton and Hove Food Strategy Action Plan 2018-2023, Brighton and Hove, England, United Kingdom
The Brighton and Hove Food Strategy Action Plan, created by the Brighton & Hove Food Partnership, is a five-year plan that prescribes action steps for a healthy, environmentally and economically conscious, and fair food system. The plan aims to champion healthy and sustainable food, improve security in both urban and rural production, support diverse communities, "take a preventative 'upstream' approach" to food poverty and access, switch from a 'food waste' to 'food use' city, and ensure the incorporation of an equitable food system in future planning and policy. The projected outcomes of these aims are improved health and diets, collective action in addressing issues in the food system, a self-sufficient and diverse food sector and economy, less food waste, and "food at the heart of planning, policy, and public service."
Edible Edinburgh: A Sustainable Food City Plan, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Created after the City of Edinburgh Council's publication of 'Sustainable Edinburgh 2020,' a framework for future sustainability goals within the municipality the plan details a vision for "a city where good food is available for all, making for healthy people, thriving communities and a sustainable environment." In particular, the plan details objectives, aims, and outcomes for individuals, families, organizations, and businesses to undertake between 2014-2020 to make the city more sustainable. The plan identifies six key themes to be addressed to achieve the vision: (i) health and wellbeing; (ii) land use; (iii) environment; (iv) buying food; (v) economy; and (vi) culture change. Respective actions include, but are not limited to: developing working arrangements between Edible Edinburgh and health-focused organizations, finding alternatives to food banks, developing land use policies to increase food production, investigating opportunities to launch city-wide food procurement systems, increasing the capacity of existing food-related organizations, and developing baseline metrics to measure the city's progress towards attaining sustainability.
Sustainable Food Plan, Paris, France
Providing sustainable food in Paris’ municipal catering services has been one of the major priorities for the city since 2009. The Paris Sustainable Food Plan 2015 - 2020 helps advance this cause. The food plan primarily focuses on the inclusion of sustainable food in the city’s municipal catering sector. It includes 18 detailed action plans divided into three areas of focus: (i) structuring the demand from municipal catering to promote sustainable food; (ii) supporting the development of the local sustainable food supply chains for the municipal catering sector; and (iii) discussion, communication, and training in sustainable food for municipal catering. The Paris Sustainable Food Plan aims to increase the share of sustainable food in municipal catering to 50 percent by 2020. The plan also encourages all public authorities to fully commit to promoting sustainable food practices.
The A2U Food Project, Heraklion, Greece
The A2U Food Project is a food waste management plan adopted by the City of Heraklion under the Urban Innovative Actions by the Urban Lab of Europe.The amount of visitors that the city receives each year demands the city to implement a holistic solid waste management plan such as the A2U. A2U proposes a holistic waste management scheme using the following methods: (i) reduction of avoidable food waste; (ii) utilization of unavoidable food waste as raw materials; and (iii) proper management of unavoidable food waste. To implement these plans, the city of Heraklion has introduced software and hardware (e.g., compostable bags, autonomous composting units) to help families and the hospitality sector to reduce food waste. The city aims to reduce food waste by 1% in households and 2-3% in the hospitality sector. Also, the city aims to divert 2.5% of unavoidable food waste to composting annually.
Good Food Strategy: Toward a Sustainable Food System in the Brussels-Capital Region, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium
"The Good Food Strategy was initiated by Céline Fremault, the Brussels Minister for Environment, as a new vision of the food system for Brussels by 2035. The plan is organised around 7 themes and 15 actions to help develop sustainable food systems in the future. The developed strategy is expected to act as a guideline for the coming years so that the city of Brussels can: 1) increase local sustainable food production; 2) support a transition to sustainable food supply; 3) support the transition of food demand; 4) develop a “good food” culture; 5) reduce food waste; 6) design food systems for the future; and 7) ensure strategic implementation. Some of the ongoing activities include: the Vegetable Garden project, which has been implemented in schools to provide support for 10 new school vegetable gardens every year until 2020, and the promoting the use of “Rest-o-Packs,” which allows customers in restaurants to take their leftovers home in order to reduce food waste.
Diet for a Green Planet: Diet policy within pre-schools, schools, and elderly care, Södertälje, Sweden
The policy was initially adopted by Södertälje based on the concept previously developed by the European Union, BERAS implementation (2010-13). The policy was introduced to provide nutritious and sustainable food to children, student, and elderly population of the city. The policy sets specific guidelines on the type of foods that should be offered in schools and elderly housing institutions. It encourages the avoidance of highly-processed and genetically modified foods for the target populations in order to avoid diet-related health problems. The policy promotes food hygiene and practicing sustainable food practices as well. Because of the implementation of the policy, Södertälje was declared as the city with the best school meals by White Guide Junior, Sweden. The city also attained the goal of using approximately 60% organic ingredients in its meals.
Resilient Greater Christchurch Plan, Christchurch, New Zealand
Adopted in 2014, this plan is part of the 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) global agreement, through which cities are provided support to develop resilient strategies to address their respective municipal challenges and, later, share lessons between other cities within the agreement. Christchurch's plan first gathered input from over one-hundred stakeholders to identify key challenges and opportunities within the area, before working with multi-agency working groups led by subject matter experts (i.e., local governance, local tribal leadership, community and academic groups, with support from 100RC) to identify specific goals and actions to build resiliency. Identified challenges include: community and social cohesion; housing affordability and accessibility; future of the urban form of Greater Christchurch; and natural hazard planning. In regards to food, Greater Christchurch seeks to increase sustainability through strengthening local community food systems rather than rely on global trade and supply chains. Further, the city also seeks to build capacity to source food from local and urban environments (i.e., rivers, public and private land, edible forests, etc.), which is expected to not only increase environmental sustainability, but provide opportunities for increase social cohesion and relationship building. Specific actions include developing an edible orchard and obtaining grants and supports to establish community gardens.
Newcastle Good Food Plan 2018, Newcastle, England, United Kingdom
This plan represents a sustainable approach to food systems in the city of Newcastle. Currently, Newcastle is facing challenges in rising obesity rates, food poverty, health inequalities, as well as climate-related impacts on food production and distribution, and economic-related challenges for local food businesses. Utilizing significant input from local stakeholders, this policy outlines five proposed priority areas for action, and utilizes six key issues to guide the report. The issues include: (i) reducing diet-related ill health and increasing access to food; (ii) ensuring good food for all (tackling food poverty); (iii) building community food knowledge, skills, sources and projects; (v) strengthening the local sustainable food economy; (vi) transforming catering and food procurement; and (vii) increasing environmental sustainability throughout the food system. Each issue is supplemented with specific action items, as well as potential opportunities that can be acted upon in the local context. In addition, the plan includes examples of current good food practices in the United Kingdom (at local, regional, and national levels), to provide concrete examples of how Newcastle’s current challenges may be addressed.
London Food Strategy, London, England, United Kingdom
The London Food Strategy aims to increase access to healthy, sustainable, and culturally-preferred food. Further, food should be affordable, accessible and also support social enterprises and workers to grow, distribute, process, cook, trade and serve good food for all. Six strategies were developed to achieve goals relating to food access: (i) cooking and eating at home to increase health and wellbeing; (ii) healthy food access for service workers; (iii) equitable and sustainable food procurement for businesses and institutions; (iv) increasing health and well-being in children and pregnant women; (v) providing space for food growing (i.e., urban farming) and support social enterprises to boost the local economy, provide jobs, and volunteer/training/apprenticeship opportunities; and (v) ensuring sustainability in food consumption practices.
Growing Communities: A Citywide Strategy for Belfast 2012-2022, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Building on Belfast's historical commitment to urban cultivation, 'Growing Communities' represents a strategy for a renewed interest in community growing, coupled with rising awareness in urban health, sustainability, and food security. The strategy sets forth a vision for Belfast as a city in which all people have the opportunity for improved health and well-being through localized urban growing opportunities. Drawing on recommendations from a steering group, comprised of private, community, and statutory sectors, the strategy in particular hopes to achieve spaces for people of all ages to develop healthier lifestyles, community pride and ownership, increased social capital, capacity building, and local environmentally sustainable practices through community growing in its widest sense (i.e., private gardens, school gardens, green infrastructure, vegetable plots, etc.). The plan features a detailed action plan, divided in segments from one to ten years, that sets forth specific actions for public and private entities to engage in implementation. The plan also includes a ten-year monitoring and evaluation process to monitor the effectiveness of the strategy through performance indicators such as number of allotment plots provided in the city, number of participants in community gardens, percentage of land allocated for growing in disadvantaged areas, and amount of public investment for supporting residents in growing activities.
Towards A Fairer Aberdeen That Prospers for All 2017-20, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom
Part of a broader Anti-Poverty Strategy for the city of Aberdeen, the document proposes 11 prioritized actions the city may take to tackle poverty and disadvantage for urban residents. The document defines poverty widely, and includes information on relative poverty, child poverty, funeral poverty, and food poverty (or, insecurity). For the latter, the document proposes moving beyond emergency food assistance to developing objectives to ensure that all residents have a "right to food" underpinned by law. To do so, the document seeks to act on the core structures underpinning food poverty/security, such as lack of income, housing insecurity, and debt recovery. Specific actions included in the document include supporting the developing of the Food Poverty Action Aberdeen Partnership to develop initiatives beyond food banks, continuing use of the Scottish Welfare Fund for emergency support, linking residents to civil services, and encouraging the development of a Aberdeen City Council-led debt policy to ensure that families can afford food during debt repayment processes.
Christchurch City Council Food Resilience Policy, Christchurch, New Zealand
Adopted by the Christchurch City Council in 2014, the Food Resilience Policy seeks to create a food resilient city that contains vibrant social, economic, and physical environments to provide healthy, affordable, and locally grown food for all residents. To do so, the policy outlines specific action priorities to achieve their food resiliency vision, including: becoming an active member of the Food Resilience Network; identifying and making use of community land for food production purposes; establishing food production in community institutions (i.e., churches, schools, etc.); protecting productive soils from development; supporting initiatives that increase the availability and affordability of fresh, health food; and supporting community education on food production, preparation, and consumption. Upon implementation, the Christchurch City Council expects outcomes to increase social and physical health and well-being of the community, bolster a local food economy, build food resilience, and increase practical knowledge of food and food systems.
EcoBuy Vienna: Sustainable Procurement of Food and Meals by the City of Vienna (ÖkoKauf Wien: Nachhaltiger Einkauf von Lebensmitteln und Speisen durch die Stadt Wien in German)
The sustainable food procurement program is part of the ÖkoKauf Wien (EcoBuy Vienna) project initiated by the City of Vienna in 1999 to encourage and provide opportunities for residents of Vienna to acquire food through environmental friendly ways. Under this program, the city administration primary goal is to provide nutritious food to the people strictly using environmentally- and economically-sustainable methods. The objectives of the plan include: food that is organically and locally produced; a supply of seasonal, fresh and non-GMO food production; waste reduction; minimization of the amount of animal product used in Viennese diet; standards for ethical handling of animals; assurance of rights of farm workers; and maintenance of fair-trade food processing. This policy has helped to ensure that at least 30 percent of all the food in the city is organic. One of the most successful initiatives of this program was the Natürlich gut Teller (Naturally Good Dish) criteria, which provides specific eco-friendly modifications to the above rules for canteens across the city in various hospitals, retirement homes, and other institutions.
Christchurch City Council Healthy Food Action Plan, Christchurch, New Zealand
This action plan is being implemented under the Christchurch City Council Food Resilience Policy which was adopted in 2014. The action plan is aimed at improving the availability of healthy food and encouraging healthy food choices throughout the community. The plan’s purpose is to “make healthy food choices easy." The Food Resilience Policy outlines 10 priorities, and the Healthy Food Action plan focuses on implementing 3 of these priorities: (i) encourage the establishment of productive gardens on suitable land around the city that is not in Council ownership, for example homes, schools, church land, institutions and market gardens; (ii) support initiatives that increase the availability, distribution and affordability of fresh, healthy food in our communities, for example farmers markets, green grocers, local food cooperatives and community kitchens; and (iii) support community education through community gardens and other local initiatives that increase knowledge of how to grow, harvest, prepare and consume healthy locally grown food to support edible gardens and a thriving local food economy. For each objective the plan establishes a series of actions, as well as a timeline for target completion and measurements of success. The actions are designed so that they can be implemented by local community boards as desired, and they are funded through the Christchurch City Annual Plan and Long Term Plan. The action plan will be reviewed annually in order to measure implementation progress, as well as assess if actions need to be amended and/or added.
Law 5.265 Creating the Urban Agriculture Program of the Municipality of Governador Valadares, Governador Valadares, Brazil
This law formally creates the Urban Agriculture program of the Municipality of Governador Valadares. Under the law, urban agriculture is understood broadly as cultivating plants for consumption and medicinal purposes, raising small animals and fish, and producing small-scale food and drink for human consumption. Through these activities, the municipality seeks to reduce hunger and malnutrition, promote social inclusion, increase access to low-cost foods, mitigate the effects of vacant land, and generate employment opportunities for city residents. The law also includes other regulatory actions for urban agriculture within the municipality, such as the establishment of tax credits for agricultural producers, the creation of food systems infrastructure, and adoption of agro-ecological principles in public institutions.
Food City: City of Melbourne Food Policy, Melbourne, Australia
The city of Melbourne's food policy is an effort to reestablish the city's commitment to a culture of diverse, healthy, and quality foods. Endorsed by the Melbourne City Council in 2012, this policy is meant to provide guidelines for the community to resolve challenges of food insecurity and inaccessibility. These goals include: 1) establishing food security within the community; 2) increasing access to healthy foods, 3) encouraging sustainability in food practices, 4) promoting local food sectors and local food purchasing; and 5) cultivating an environment in the city such that food is celebrated. Citing statistical data relevant to the city, such as how 95% of adults do not consume enough vegetables, and that one in three city dwellers rely on fast food, the policy aims to combat all of these individual challenges through multiple action plans. These plans implemented in the community level will be periodically reviewed by the city council and its results will be recorded. Since the endorsement of the policy, the city of Melbourne has released a 'Community Food Guide,' which has information on 119 food access programs and services within the city and surrounding suburbs, including food assistance, community gardens and kitchens, cooking classes, and food swaps.
The Bristol Good Food Plan, Bristol, England, United Kingdom
The Bristol Good Food Plan builds off the 2011 'Who Feeds Bristol?' report, commissioned by the NHS Bristol and Bristol City Council, that examined food consumption, retail, and procurement trends within the city, and how city actions can positively influence food systems. Further, the report advocated for a 'Food Systems Planning' approach for the city of Bristol and surrounding region that emphasizes population health and environmental sustainability. The Bristol Good Food Plan, released in 2013, promotes systems-based change by outlining targets and actions that a variety of organizations, businesses, and individuals within the city can engage in across food system sectors. In particular, the plan provides eight themes that Bristol needs to address in order to ensure a healthy, viable, resilient, and equitable city. The themes include: (i) encouraging people to grow and cook their own food; (ii) championing the use of local, independent food shops; (iii) protecting ex-urban agricultural land for food production; (iv) increasing urban agricultural and developing food transportation networks within the region; (v) minimizing food waste and increasing food donations; (vi) developing food systems infrastructure for processing, distribution, and storage; (vii) increasing the food procurement of regional staples and establishing more markets for local producers; and (viii) promoting community-led food trade, such as co-operatives, CSA, and pop-up shops.
Proposals for the use of progressive and regressive taxing policies to encourage the productive use of private spaces, Governador Valadares, Brazil
This policy provides additions and modifications to current property tax laws within Governador Valdares. In particular, the policy seeks to support urban agriculture through an incentive to reduce property tax rates on land which is used for urban agriculture for at least two years where one third of the produced crop is donated to a philanthropic or educational organization. The policy also provides clear languages for the contract that would need to be drafted between the land owner and the municipality.
Stimulating Urban Agriculture in and Around Rotterdam, City of Rotterdam, Netherlands
This memorandum from the Alderman for Sustainability, Inner City and Outdoor Space lays out clear guidelines and action items to help Rotterdam increase the impact of, amount of land utilized for, urban agriculture. The document focuses on three key areas: (i) improving health; (ii) enhancing sustainable economic development; and (iii) improving spatial quality. There are subsections within these three primary areas with precise action items for the government of Rotterdam to complete moving forward.
東京都食育推進計画 (Japanese), (Tokyo Dietary Education Promotion Plan), Tokyo, Japan
The goal of the plan is that people in Tokyo have knowledge on food and ability to choose foods to stay healthy for the whole lifetime. The dietary education is 食育 in Japanese, and it means making people have food literacy, particularly knowledge of the relationship between food and our health. The plan has three objectives: (1) to promote the dietary education; (2) to increase opportunities that people can communicate with producers and can experience farm-to-table; and (3) to increase the people who can teach the dietary education by offering more information. The plan is based on the national act and the plan, Basic Act on Dietary Education and the Promotion Plan for Dietary Education.
The Town and Country Planning (Clarendon Parish) Provisional Development Order 2017, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica
The Clarendon Provisional Development Order is a written form of zoning codes to guide local planning actions within 9 local planning areas. Each parish in Jamaica has a Provisonal Development Order to address regions that have been identified as priority areas for growth and development to be done in a sustainable, economically and environmentally sound way. The plan recognizes the threat that climate change poses to food security through land conservation for agriculture within Clarendon. The order also supports the preservation of major fishing sites and livelihoods through proper land management policies. Anticipated outcomes of the policy are resiliency to climate change and disaster through physical infrastructure and sustainable management and use of resources, development of a healthy and educated population, creation of a strong economy built around agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing, and a transparent parish government.
Clarendon Local Sustainable Development Plan, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica
Clarendon’s Local Sustainable Development Plan is a comprehensive, long-term plan for the entire parish of Clarendon. The plan includes an assessment of current conditions of land use, water, agriculture and fisheries, as well as recommendations to be implemented in the future. The plan’s primary objectives include increasing climate change and disaster resilience through the construction of adequate physical infrastructure and sustainable management of natural resources, developing a healthy population by providing adequate access to social services, and creating a strong, diversified economy built around agriculture, as well as tourism and manufacturing. The plan connects agriculture, food aggregators, food wholesalers, and realtors to the primary objectives through a series of strategic objectives designed to use agriculture as a mechanism of economic growth. Some examples include encouraging hotels to purchase from local farmers and promotion of organic agriculture and sustainable tourism.
Central Vegetable Market, Hebron, Palestine
Hebron's Central Vegetable Market serves as a central hub of the municipality's food systems vision developed after the first Milan Urban Food Policy Pact in 2015. In particular, the City Council, along with other stakeholders, organized several initiatives aimed at increasing smallholder well-being while ensuring sustainability and quality control. This program seeks to establish a vegetable market that aggregates and distributes safe and nutritious produce to local residents; to promote smallholder use of sustainable practices and build smallholder capacity through regular evaluation of growing practices and outcomes; and to collect and responsibly dispose of compost/organic waste for future use by local farmers.
City Agricultural Development Plan 2019-2022, Cayagan de Oro, Philippines
"This document builds off of previous development plans from Cagayan de Oro by specifically targeting the city's agricultural sector. The plan seeks to achieve three primary objectives: increasing the productivity and competitiveness of the city's farming population; developing employment opportunities in the agricultural sector; and creating strategies to encourage public and private investments in key agricultural areas in order to maximize the sector's growth. Additionally, the development plan identifies ways in which to increase the resiliency and adaptability of farmers in the face of changing weather patterns, develops key transportation infrastructure for increased market access, and implements measures to sustain decreased food insecurity. Upon implementation, this plan is projected to influence the passage of ordinances regarding: sustainable fishing practices; a reiteration of Agriculture and Fishery Council’s role in the City Development Council; the prohibition of the conversion of prime agricultural lands for other purposes; and the development of mechanisms to prime residential/commercial land for future agribusiness investments.
Nairobi City County Urban Agriculture Promotion and Regulation Bill, Nairobi, Kenya
This bill created the necessary framework for practicing urban agriculture within the City of Nairobi. The legislation mandates county executive committee members to promote urban agriculture practices through supporting practices, such as including urban agriculture within county physical planning, developing a broader urban agriculture strategic plan, and allowing the use of agriculture on urban vacant land. The bill also established a Nairobi City Council Urban Agriculture Promotion Advisory Committee Board to develop further policies and work to expand the legislation to a federal level.
Urban Agriculture Policy 2007, City of Cape Town, South Africa
Creates a clear implementation strategy and government structure to support urban agriculture. The primary recipients will be the poorest and most disadvantaged citizens followed by community groups, micro farmers and small emerging farmers. Education, training and supplies will be provided to participants. Land will be assessed for parcels which can be utilized for urban agriculture and assistance will be provided for acquisition or leasing. In addition, partnerships and linkages will be fostered with other governmental and non-governmental entities.
Urban Agriculture By-laws, 2008, City of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
City by-laws created to support local agriculture and livestock to promote job creation, food security and local food production. The document also creates rules and regulations to be followed when cultivating farmlands, raising livestock in order to protect the environment. Also suggests support of urban agriculture through access to tax exemptions, water access and seed access.
Nakuru County First County Integrated Development Plan (2013-2017), Nakuru County, Kenya
This development plan, the first to be implemented in Nakuru County under the new government structure, creates a framework under which to identify priorities and allocate resources to various county-wide projects. The plan includes background information on the current state of the economic sectors in the county, as well as potential barriers for development and potential policy plans and outcomes. Additionally, institutional framework and methods to create linkages between plans are also included. The agriculture and rural development plan is focused on modernizing Nakuru County agriculture while maintaining sustainability. More specifically, the County plans to modernize agriculture methods through field extension services and new technology, including irrigation, while maintaining sustainability through proper practices, value chain approaches, and infrastructure development. The plan also promotes private-public partnerships and increased production of value added products.
Gent En Garde Food Policy, Ghent, Belgium
This policy aims to create a holistic food policy that connects producers to consumers through existing and new networks. Five strategic goals guide the document: (1) the crafting of a shorter, more visible food chain, (2) increasing sustainable food production and consumption, (3) creating more social added value for food initiatives, (4) reducing food waste, and (5) facilitating optimum reuse of food waste as raw materials.
Food Gardens Policy in Support of Poverty Alleviation and Reduction, Cape Town, South Africa
This policy facilitates residents' ability to grow food in urban gardens to support food security of the poor. It calls for collaboration among relevant stakeholders to address the variety of topics that arise in urban food production and consumption, including city government departments, non-profits, and businesses.
Creation of Municipal Land Bank, Rosario, Argentina
This policy provides guidelines for the municipal management of a land bank of green space. These green spaces must be used to promote urban development that supports low-income sectors, improved housing, environmental health, and regional stewardship.
Land Use Ordinance, Camilo Aldao, Argentina
This policy allows the city to reclaim, adapt and reuse vacant lots for urban agriculture (into community gardens or hay fields for cows) to prevent environmental degradation of the lots in Camilo Aldao.
Municipal Community Garden Program, Rosario, Argentina
This policy establishes community gardens for vulnerable groups to earn income and increase food production for residents' consumption.
Municipal Organic Agriculture Development Program, Rosario, Argentina
This policy supports the development of micro-enterprises for organic food production, processing, and retail. It establishes the opportunity for private (or public) land holders to receive property tax waivers to allow land to be used for organic urban agriculture.
Program for Garden Parks, Rosario, Argentina
This policy gives permission to convert currently vacant lots into constituent-focused garden parks, to be coordinated by the Urban Agriculture Program of the Municipality of Rosario. The purpose of the Garden Parks is to configure a natural pathway through the city, put vacant lots to good use, and consolidate the management of urban agriculture projects under one program.
Program for the Promotion of Social Productivity Enterprises, Rosario, Argentina
This policy encourages small business development in through small-scale production, processing or commercial retail. It establishes a municipally-managed market (or "fair") where small businesses can sell their goods.
The Kampala City Fish Ordinance, Kampala, Uganda
Outlines regulations, permitting and licensure for those involved in any way with fish and fish products, including but not limited to fish farmers, fishermen,fish mongers, and transporters.
The Kampala City Livestock and Companion Animal Ordinance, Kampala, Uganda
Outlines regulations, permitting and licensure for anyone who keeps animals on their property either as livestock or companion animals.
The Kampala City Meat Ordinance, Kampala, Uganda
Sets guidlines for permits and licensure of slaughterhouses, butchers and meat transporters to operate and sets requirements for slaughter, transportation and retail sale of meats.
The Kampala City Milk Ordinance, Kampala, Uganda
Sets regulations for dairy operations, sales and product composition, packaging and labeling.
The Kampala City Urban Agriculture Ordinance, Kampala, Uganda
Sets guidelines to obtain an urban agriculture license and regulations which must be followed during production and sale of food and beverages. Also excludes certain area from cultivation and limits pollution of urban agricultre lands.
Urban Agriculture Framework Ordinance, Lima, Peru
This policy promotes urban agriculture as an environmental strategy to address food insecurity, social inclusion and economic development of the municipality of Lima.
Urban Agriculture Law, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Policy to support urban agriculture in order to improve food and nutritional security of the population. The use of property for urban agriculture is considered a "social function", and facilitates transfer of private property to UA uses.
Urban Agriculture Policy, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
This policy provides for a range of urban agriculture practices and future policy framework in order to increase food sources and nutrition for self-reliance. It recognizes urban agriculture as a tool for economic development and effective land use (cultivation, livestock, land use) through city-run urban farms. It includes provisions for policy development related to: water, human resources, material resources, financial resources, legal and regulatory issues, institutional framework, health and environment issues, socio-cultural dimensions, and economic dimensions.
Urban Agriculture Promotion and Regulation Act 2015, Nairobi, Kenya
This Act promotes urban agriculture within Nairobi City and County, Kenya. It provides the regulatory framework for the practice of urban agriculture; delegates responsibilities with respect to agriculture; establishes the Nairobi City County Urban Agriculture Promotion Advisory Board; and calls for the creation of a strategic plan for agriculture in the city and county.