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EcoBuy Vienna: Sustainable Procurement of Food and Meals by the City of Vienna (ÖkoKauf Wien: Nachhaltiger Einkauf von Lebensmitteln und Speisen durch die Stadt Wien in German)
The sustainable food procurement program is part of the ÖkoKauf Wien (EcoBuy Vienna) project initiated by the City of Vienna in 1999 to encourage and provide opportunities for residents of Vienna to acquire food through environmental friendly ways. Under this program, the city administration primary goal is to provide nutritious food to the people strictly using environmentally- and economically-sustainable methods. The objectives of the plan include: food that is organically and locally produced; a supply of seasonal, fresh and non-GMO food production; waste reduction; minimization of the amount of animal product used in Viennese diet; standards for ethical handling of animals; assurance of rights of farm workers; and maintenance of fair-trade food processing. This policy has helped to ensure that at least 30 percent of all the food in the city is organic. One of the most successful initiatives of this program was the Natürlich gut Teller (Naturally Good Dish) criteria, which provides specific eco-friendly modifications to the above rules for canteens across the city in various hospitals, retirement homes, and other institutions.
This action plan is being implemented under the Christchurch City Council Food Resilience Policy which was adopted in 2014. The action plan is aimed at improving the availability of healthy food and encouraging healthy food choices throughout the community. The plan’s purpose is to “make healthy food choices easy." The Food Resilience Policy outlines 10 priorities, and the Healthy Food Action plan focuses on implementing 3 of these priorities: (i) encourage the establishment of productive gardens on suitable land around the city that is not in Council ownership, for example homes, schools, church land, institutions and market gardens; (ii) support initiatives that increase the availability, distribution and affordability of fresh, healthy food in our communities, for example farmers markets, green grocers, local food cooperatives and community kitchens; and (iii) support community education through community gardens and other local initiatives that increase knowledge of how to grow, harvest, prepare and consume healthy locally grown food to support edible gardens and a thriving local food economy. For each objective the plan establishes a series of actions, as well as a timeline for target completion and measurements of success. The actions are designed so that they can be implemented by local community boards as desired, and they are funded through the Christchurch City Annual Plan and Long Term Plan. The action plan will be reviewed annually in order to measure implementation progress, as well as assess if actions need to be amended and/or added.
Law 5.265 Creating the Urban Agriculture Program of the Municipality of Governador Valadares, Governador Valadares, Brazil
This law formally creates the Urban Agriculture program of the Municipality of Governador Valadares. Under the law, urban agriculture is understood broadly as cultivating plants for consumption and medicinal purposes, raising small animals and fish, and producing small-scale food and drink for human consumption. Through these activities, the municipality seeks to reduce hunger and malnutrition, promote social inclusion, increase access to low-cost foods, mitigate the effects of vacant land, and generate employment opportunities for city residents. The law also includes other regulatory actions for urban agriculture within the municipality, such as the establishment of tax credits for agricultural producers, the creation of food systems infrastructure, and adoption of agro-ecological principles in public institutions.
The city of Melbourne's food policy is an effort to reestablish the city's commitment to a culture of diverse, healthy, and quality foods. Endorsed by the Melbourne City Council in 2012, this policy is meant to provide guidelines for the community to resolve challenges of food insecurity and inaccessibility. These goals include: 1) establishing food security within the community; 2) increasing access to healthy foods, 3) encouraging sustainability in food practices, 4) promoting local food sectors and local food purchasing; and 5) cultivating an environment in the city such that food is celebrated. Citing statistical data relevant to the city, such as how 95% of adults do not consume enough vegetables, and that one in three city dwellers rely on fast food, the policy aims to combat all of these individual challenges through multiple action plans. These plans implemented in the community level will be periodically reviewed by the city council and its results will be recorded. Since the endorsement of the policy, the city of Melbourne has released a 'Community Food Guide,' which has information on 119 food access programs and services within the city and surrounding suburbs, including food assistance, community gardens and kitchens, cooking classes, and food swaps.
The Bristol Good Food Plan builds off the 2011 'Who Feeds Bristol?' report, commissioned by the NHS Bristol and Bristol City Council, that examined food consumption, retail, and procurement trends within the city, and how city actions can positively influence food systems. Further, the report advocated for a 'Food Systems Planning' approach for the city of Bristol and surrounding region that emphasizes population health and environmental sustainability. The Bristol Good Food Plan, released in 2013, promotes systems-based change by outlining targets and actions that a variety of organizations, businesses, and individuals within the city can engage in across food system sectors. In particular, the plan provides eight themes that Bristol needs to address in order to ensure a healthy, viable, resilient, and equitable city. The themes include: (i) encouraging people to grow and cook their own food; (ii) championing the use of local, independent food shops; (iii) protecting ex-urban agricultural land for food production; (iv) increasing urban agricultural and developing food transportation networks within the region; (v) minimizing food waste and increasing food donations; (vi) developing food systems infrastructure for processing, distribution, and storage; (vii) increasing the food procurement of regional staples and establishing more markets for local producers; and (viii) promoting community-led food trade, such as co-operatives, CSA, and pop-up shops.
Proposals for the use of progressive and regressive taxing policies to encourage the productive use of private spaces, Governador Valadares, Brazil
This policy provides additions and modifications to current property tax laws within Governador Valdares. In particular, the policy seeks to support urban agriculture through an incentive to reduce property tax rates on land which is used for urban agriculture for at least two years where one third of the produced crop is donated to a philanthropic or educational organization. The policy also provides clear languages for the contract that would need to be drafted between the land owner and the municipality.
This memorandum from the Alderman for Sustainability, Inner City and Outdoor Space lays out clear guidelines and action items to help Rotterdam increase the impact of, amount of land utilized for, urban agriculture. The document focuses on three key areas: (i) improving health; (ii) enhancing sustainable economic development; and (iii) improving spatial quality. There are subsections within these three primary areas with precise action items for the government of Rotterdam to complete moving forward.
The goal of the plan is that people in Tokyo have knowledge on food and ability to choose foods to stay healthy for the whole lifetime. The dietary education is 食育 in Japanese, and it means making people have food literacy, particularly knowledge of the relationship between food and our health. The plan has three objectives: (1) to promote the dietary education; (2) to increase opportunities that people can communicate with producers and can experience farm-to-table; and (3) to increase the people who can teach the dietary education by offering more information. The plan is based on the national act and the plan, Basic Act on Dietary Education and the Promotion Plan for Dietary Education.
The Town and Country Planning (Clarendon Parish) Provisional Development Order 2017, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica
The Clarendon Provisional Development Order is a written form of zoning codes to guide local planning actions within 9 local planning areas. Each parish in Jamaica has a Provisonal Development Order to address regions that have been identified as priority areas for growth and development to be done in a sustainable, economically and environmentally sound way. The plan recognizes the threat that climate change poses to food security through land conservation for agriculture within Clarendon. The order also supports the preservation of major fishing sites and livelihoods through proper land management policies. Anticipated outcomes of the policy are resiliency to climate change and disaster through physical infrastructure and sustainable management and use of resources, development of a healthy and educated population, creation of a strong economy built around agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing, and a transparent parish government.
Clarendon’s Local Sustainable Development Plan is a comprehensive, long-term plan for the entire parish of Clarendon. The plan includes an assessment of current conditions of land use, water, agriculture and fisheries, as well as recommendations to be implemented in the future. The plan’s primary objectives include increasing climate change and disaster resilience through the construction of adequate physical infrastructure and sustainable management of natural resources, developing a healthy population by providing adequate access to social services, and creating a strong, diversified economy built around agriculture, as well as tourism and manufacturing. The plan connects agriculture, food aggregators, food wholesalers, and realtors to the primary objectives through a series of strategic objectives designed to use agriculture as a mechanism of economic growth. Some examples include encouraging hotels to purchase from local farmers and promotion of organic agriculture and sustainable tourism.
Hebron's Central Vegetable Market serves as a central hub of the municipality's food systems vision developed after the first Milan Urban Food Policy Pact in 2015. In particular, the City Council, along with other stakeholders, organized several initiatives aimed at increasing smallholder well-being while ensuring sustainability and quality control. This program seeks to establish a vegetable market that aggregates and distributes safe and nutritious produce to local residents; to promote smallholder use of sustainable practices and build smallholder capacity through regular evaluation of growing practices and outcomes; and to collect and responsibly dispose of compost/organic waste for future use by local farmers.
"This document builds off of previous development plans from Cagayan de Oro by specifically targeting the city's agricultural sector. The plan seeks to achieve three primary objectives: increasing the productivity and competitiveness of the city's farming population; developing employment opportunities in the agricultural sector; and creating strategies to encourage public and private investments in key agricultural areas in order to maximize the sector's growth. Additionally, the development plan identifies ways in which to increase the resiliency and adaptability of farmers in the face of changing weather patterns, develops key transportation infrastructure for increased market access, and implements measures to sustain decreased food insecurity. Upon implementation, this plan is projected to influence the passage of ordinances regarding: sustainable fishing practices; a reiteration of Agriculture and Fishery Council’s role in the City Development Council; the prohibition of the conversion of prime agricultural lands for other purposes; and the development of mechanisms to prime residential/commercial land for future agribusiness investments.
This bill created the necessary framework for practicing urban agriculture within the City of Nairobi. The legislation mandates county executive committee members to promote urban agriculture practices through supporting practices, such as including urban agriculture within county physical planning, developing a broader urban agriculture strategic plan, and allowing the use of agriculture on urban vacant land. The bill also established a Nairobi City Council Urban Agriculture Promotion Advisory Committee Board to develop further policies and work to expand the legislation to a federal level.
Creates a clear implementation strategy and government structure to support urban agriculture. The primary recipients will be the poorest and most disadvantaged citizens followed by community groups, micro farmers and small emerging farmers. Education, training and supplies will be provided to participants. Land will be assessed for parcels which can be utilized for urban agriculture and assistance will be provided for acquisition or leasing. In addition, partnerships and linkages will be fostered with other governmental and non-governmental entities.
City by-laws created to support local agriculture and livestock to promote job creation, food security and local food production. The document also creates rules and regulations to be followed when cultivating farmlands, raising livestock in order to protect the environment. Also suggests support of urban agriculture through access to tax exemptions, water access and seed access.
This development plan, the first to be implemented in Nakuru County under the new government structure, creates a framework under which to identify priorities and allocate resources to various county-wide projects. The plan includes background information on the current state of the economic sectors in the county, as well as potential barriers for development and potential policy plans and outcomes. Additionally, institutional framework and methods to create linkages between plans are also included. The agriculture and rural development plan is focused on modernizing Nakuru County agriculture while maintaining sustainability. More specifically, the County plans to modernize agriculture methods through field extension services and new technology, including irrigation, while maintaining sustainability through proper practices, value chain approaches, and infrastructure development. The plan also promotes private-public partnerships and increased production of value added products.
Create a holistic food policy which connects producers to consumers through existing and new networks. Reduce and reuse food wastes.
This policy provides guidelines for the municipal management of a land bank of green space. These green spaces must be used to promote urban development that supports low-income sectors, improved housing, environmental health, and regional stewardship.
This policy facilitates residents' ability to grow food in urban gardens to support food security of the poor. It calls for collaboration among relevant stakeholders to address the variety of topics that arise in urban food production and consumption, including city government departments, non-profits, and businesses.
This policy allows the city to reclaim, adapt and reuse vacant lots for urban agriculture (into community gardens or hay fields for cows) to prevent environmental degradation of the lots in Camilo Aldao.
This policy establishes community gardens for vulnerable groups to earn income and increase food production for residents' consumption.
This policy supports the development of micro-enterprises for organic food production, processing, and retail. It establishes the opportunity for private (or public) land holders to receive property tax waivers to allow land to be used for organic urban agriculture.
This policy gives permission to convert currently vacant lots into constituent-focused garden parks, to be coordinated by the Urban Agriculture Program of the Municipality of Rosario. The purpose of the Garden Parks is to configure a natural pathway through the city, put vacant lots to good use, and consolidate the management of urban agriculture projects under one program.
This policy encourages small business development in through small-scale production, processing or commercial retail. It establishes a municipally-managed market (or "fair") where small businesses can sell their goods.
Outlines regulations, permitting and licensure for those involved in any way with fish and fish products, including but not limited to fish farmers, fishermen,fish mongers, and transporters.
Outlines regulations, permitting and licensure for anyone who keeps animals on their property either as livestock or companion animals.
Sets guidlines for permits and licensure of slaughterhouses, butchers and meat transporters to operate and sets requirements for slaughter, transportation and retail sale of meats.
Sets regulations for dairy operations, sales and product composition, packaging and labeling.
Sets guidelines to obtain an urban agriculture license and regulations which must be followed during production and sale of food and beverages. Also excludes certain area from cultivation and limits pollution of urban agricultre lands.
This policy promotes urban agriculture as an environmental strategy to address food insecurity, social inclusion and economic development of the municipality of Lima.
Policy to support urban agriculture in order to improve food and nutritional security of the population. The use of property for urban agriculture is considered a "social function", and facilitates transfer of private property to UA uses.
This policy provides for a range of urban agriculture practices and future policy framework in order to increase food sources and nutrition for self-reliance. It recognizes urban agriculture as a tool for economic development and effective land use (cultivation, livestock, land use) through city-run urban farms. It includes provisions for policy development related to: water, human resources, material resources, financial resources, legal and regulatory issues, institutional framework, health and environment issues, socio-cultural dimensions, and economic dimensions.
This Act promotes urban agriculture within Nairobi City and County, Kenya. It provides the regulatory framework for the practice of urban agriculture; delegates responsibilities with respect to agriculture; establishes the Nairobi City County Urban Agriculture Promotion Advisory Board; and calls for the creation of a strategic plan for agriculture in the city and county.